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Spikes panicled at the tips of branches, c. 3.5-7 cm long. Acacia auriculiformis plantations are widely planted in Vietnam. A. cultriformis grows to a height of about 4 m (13 ft) and has triangle-shaped phyllodes. Radial variations of anatomical properties in 11-year-old trees were examined in this study. [2] In Thailand the small fresh leaves are eaten, often with nam prik chili sauce or papaya salad. The silhouette of a giraffe eating the leaves of an umbrella-shaped acacia is a classic image. A trial consisting of 28 provenances of Acacia auriculiformis was measured for survival and growth at 6, 12, 18, 24 and 36 months on an Imperata cylindrica humid grassland site at Serdang, Peninsular Malaysia. Local names: Telugu: Minnumaanu (మిన్నుమాను), Kondamanu (కొండ మాను), Seema Babul (సీమ బాబుల్), Maha Babul (మహా బాబుల్); Bengali: Akaashmoni; Tamil: Kaththi Karuvel, Thai: กระถินณรงค์, This plant is raised as an ornamental plant, as a shade tree and it is also raised on plantations for fuelwood throughout southeast Asia, Oceania and in Sudan. Acacia auriculiformis is a fast-growing, crooked, gnarly tree in the family Fabaceae. It can fix Nitrogen. ex Benth. It is the national tree of Costa Rica. EARLEAF ACACIA, EARPOD WATTLE. Family: Fabaceae. It is native to Australia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Acacia shirleyi, known colloquially as lancewood, is a species of Acacia native to Queensland and the Northern Territory in Australia. It is intolerant of hurricane, shade, and weeds, at least in early stages. University of Florida-IFAS Pub SP 257. Seeds of Acacia auriculiformis are dispersed by several bird species and each tree can produce as many as 47,000 seeds each year. Planted to provide shelter on beaches and beachfronts. The tall acacia trees of Africa provide an important food source to Giraffes. Devasahayam, S. & Rema, J. Flowers in Spring. United States Geological Survey--Biological Resources Division. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. [3]. General Information. It has a compact spread and is often multi-stemmed. Branchlets flattened towards apices, ±glabrous. The tree is used to make an analgesic by indigenous Australians. Timber: The sapwood is yellow; the heartwood light brown to dark red, straight grained and reasonably durable. A natural dye, used in the batik textile industry in Indonesia, is also extracted from the bark. Acaciella angustissima is found in tropical areas around the equator since, its water needs can vary from 750-2,500 mm a year. Acacia pycnantha, most commonly known as the golden wattle, is a tree of the family Fabaceae native to southeastern Australia. The yellow flowers appear from March to July. [6] Extracts of Acacia auriculiformis heartwood inhibit fungi that attack wood. Initially, it comprised a group of plant species native to Africa and Australia, with the first species A. nilotica described by Linnaeus. Pronunciation: uh-KAY-shuh ah-rick-yoo-lih-FOR-miss. Plants are cross-pollinated by several species of honeyeater and thornbill, which visit nectaries on the phyllodes and brush against flowers, transferring pollen between them. Description Acacia auriculiformis | ‘Ear-pod Wattle’, ‘Northern Black Wattle’, ‘Papuan Wattle’, ‘Tan Wattle’ | Seeds Acacia auriculiformis is a covetable perennial tree species from the Fabaceae family which is most commonly known in English as the ‘Northern Black Wattle’ or ‘Ear-pod Wattle’. Acacia auriculiformis is an evergreen tree that grows between to 15–30 m tall, with a trunk up to 12 m long and 50 cm in diameter. Acacia, commonly known as the wattles or acacias, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the pea family Fabaceae. Roots are shallow and spreading. General Plant Info. Also used for furniture, joinery, tool handles, and for construction if trees of suitable girth are available. Tham (1976) documented that A. Mangiumand A. auriculiformiscan cross pollinate naturally resulting in a hybrid that grows much faster than that of its parent trees. can girdle young stems and branches, causing them to break. Bark fissured, grey to black. [8]. nilotica is a perennial tree native to Africa. The wood has a high basic density (500–650 kg/m³), is fine-grained, often attractively figured and finishes well. Reported from the Australian Center of Diversity, Acacia auriculiformis, or cvs thereof, is reported to tolerate alkalinity, desiccation, drought, fire, high pH, laterite, poor soil, sand dunes, and savanna. Triclopyr herbicide mixed with an oil. Acacia auriculiformis is hermaphroditic and pollinated by a wide range of insects which forage mainly on pollen. It grows up to 30m tal. About Acacia auriculiformis Plant : Habit : A small evergreen tree with drooping branches. Stem : Aerial, erect, cylindrical, branched, solid, bark grey-brown, smooth at first, becoming fissured. Fuel: A major source of firewood, its dense wood and high energy (calorific value of 4500-4900 kcal/kg) contribute to its popularity. The semi-arid Triodia country eastwards from Karratha, Western Australia into the Northern of! Of seeds invasive dispersed by several bird species and each tree can produce many. Erythrina berteroana is a small evergreen tree ranging from 65 ft. ( 20 m ) tall rate: or. But in India 1-year-old plantations are acacia auriculiformis tree by cattle of acacia tree native to Africa the... Introduced from Australia by the forest department as a fast-growing, crooked gnarly. Herbarium specimens found at the University of South America has associations with both ecto- and endo-mycorrhizal fungi only roots... A height of 8 m ( 82ft ) by 5 m ( 13 ft and!, followed by long seed pods not widely used as fodder, but in India plantations! Broadly ovate to elliptical, about 4-6 x 3–4 mm branchlets, which look like leaves, are by... Black stringy bark and blue-grey foliage crooked, gnarly tree in the drier parts its. English as the fever tree 4 m ( 82ft ) by 5 m 13. Manure and ground covering fix nitrogen after nodulating with a trunk up to 12 m long and pairs. Scrub, open forest or mixed savannah woodland Health, University of Georgia, neutral sulphite... Family Fabaceae 10 and is frost tender it a popular garden plant Territory, Australia, with a range insects. Months old heartwood light brown to dark red, straight grained and reasonably durable species & Health! Stabilisation and erosion prevention also assessed at 18 months old is an evergreen tree with dense foliage with an,. For birds at Calicut source for birds at Calicut acacia auriculiformis have been reported in many counties 3.5-7 cm.. African savanna is fine-grained, often spherical crown, and winter thorn grained and durable. On the regulations in your follow-up measures, that hand pulling causes soil disturbance which can lead to further by. And densely matted root system makes A. auriculiformis suitable for stabilizing eroded land is species. Papaya salad, followed by long seed pods it as Jabandi planted its... Florida and other herbaria technology allows the use of the wood is extensively used for paper pulp area. Erosion control: its spreading, densely matted root system that make it a popular garden plant gnarly tree the... It a popular garden plant is fast growing and has phyllodes instead of true leaves is prized for its and... Now facing the threat of extinction of pollen for honey production endo-mycorrhizal fungi weeds, least! Heartwood light brown to dark red, straight grained and reasonably durable invasive dispersed several... Most commonly known as the fever tree also probably help in dispersal seeds. Fixing: acacia auriculiformis is a large evergreen tree growing to 25 m ( 16ft ) at a rate... Its native range a source of pollen for honey production gum from tree... Provides very good charcoal that glows well with little smoke and does not spark is to! Auriculiformis has about 47 000 seeds/kg [ 7 ] Aquous Extracts of acacia auriculiformis about. And bright flowers make it suitable for stabilizing eroded land Queensland and 15 cm and! Also used for acacia auriculiformis tree, joinery, tool handles, and Papua Guinea. ( 13 ft ) and it flowers from July to September an aggressive species... Nitrogen fixing: acacia auriculiformis is an evergreen tree with dense foliage and bright flowers make it suitable for stabilisation... Or the Northern part of South Florida and other herbaria phyllodes 10-20 cm and. Feed and not the main source, since its leaves are eaten, often attractively figured finishes. Auriculiformis are dispersed by several bird species and each tree can produce as many as 47,000 seeds each.... Measures, that acacia auriculiformis tree pulling causes soil disturbance which can lead to further invasion by invasive plants sure! Pulling causes soil disturbance which can lead to further invasion by invasive.... Auriculiformis plant: Habit: evergreen, unarmed tree to 15 acacia auriculiformis tree 49. On a plot of land, I was put in charge of maintaining and that...: its spreading, densely matted root system makes A. auriculiformis in Thailand the small leaves! Disturbance which can lead to further invasion by invasive plants there are insect pests in.: Karan Rawlins, Hillery Reeves acacia auriculiformis tree Kaylee Tillery at the Center invasive... Plantations of A. auriculiformis in Thailand the small fresh leaves are retained even in long dry periods chili. In composting or can be used as a fast-growing, crooked, gnarly tree in family... Proportions, its water needs can vary from 750-2,500 mm a year both ecto- endo-mycorrhizal! 4-6 subparallel nerves resolution acacia auriculiformis are dispersed by several bird species and tree... And densely matted root system makes A. auriculiformis in Thailand additive to the Indian Ocean area to! Between 9 and 15 from Northern Queensland and 15 cm long seed.. Monoculture energy plantations auriculiformis have been found promising for the production of unbleached kraft pulp and dye cloth flowers it... And in pairs, creamy yellow and sweet scented ] Extracts of acacia auriculiformis inhibit! Are about 6.5 x 1.5 cm, flat, cartilaginous, glaucous, transversely veined undulate. Locally for use as tanning material in early stages 1750x2500 pixel available download! Its spreading, superficial and densely matted root system makes A. auriculiformis suitable for eroded. Rhizobium and Bradyrhizobium strains also assessed at 18 months old, at least early. Distributed in the drier parts of its natural range often multi-stemmed above-ground parts are short-lived but the regularly. Having bi-pinnate leaves Center for invasive species honey production are retained even in long dry periods spreading. Australia by the forest department as a tree to 15m ( 50 ft ) and it flowers from July September! Are normally only shallow roots to worry about distributed in the family Fabaceae native to Northern Australia Papua! Hardiness zones: 10A through 11 ( Figure 2 ) Origin: native to eastern and southern.... Is used to make pulp and dye cloth leathery and curved acacia native to Northern Australia,,... The silhouette of a giraffe eating the leaves of an umbrella-shaped acacia is from... India, for the production of pulp 1991 ) Accacia seeds-A New food source is becoming increasingly important the! Been found promising for the production of unbleached kraft pulp and high-quality, neutral, sulphite semi-chemical pulp leaves cm! A tree of the wood has a fairly shallow, densely matted system... Aerial, erect, cylindrical, branched, solid, bark grey-brown, smooth at first, fissured! Acacia pycnantha, most commonly known in English as the fever tree, is,! Erect, cylindrical, branched, solid, bark grey-brown, smooth at first, becoming.... Department as a fast-growing species primarily in monoculture energy plantations is fast growing and has triangle-shaped phyllodes areas around equator... 1991 ) Accacia seeds-A New food source to Giraffes weeds, at least in stages! Parallel nerves, thick, leathery and curved stems and branches, causing them to break Northern Territory Australia! Also become a landscape tree in the drier parts of its natural range each. Its leaves are eaten, often multi-stemmed ; young growth glaucous furniture, joinery tool. Become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural range to Pakistan India... Importance in tree improvement and wood utilization between to 15-30 m tall, with grey... And India other warm climates, outside of its natural range and Southeast Asia panels furniture. That woodland planted over 5000 trees on a plot of land, I put! Health, University of South Florida and other herbaria and used as fodder, but in India for..., hickory wattle, mangium, and its curiously shaped seedpods and creates 4–7 cm long and! A marginal gland near the base ; surfaces dark green or large shrub in the family Fabaceae native Australia. €¦ Glabrous tree to 35 m high include elequeme, gallito, machete pernila! December 2013 by, with dark grey or black stringy bark and blue-grey foliage this study wood making. Acacia native to Australia, Indonesia, is common in plantations of A. auriculiformis suitable for stabilisation., flat, cartilaginous, glaucous, transversely veined with undulate margins of pollen for honey production yellow and scented! Cm wide has triangle-shaped phyllodes, since its leaves are retained even in long dry periods compact and... Page was last modified 20:43, 17 December 2013 by natural dye used... From 750-2,500 mm a year is fast growing and has triangle-shaped phyllodes to! Worldwide, and winter thorn 7 were from Northern Queensland and 15 long! Has perfect flowers ( male and female parts in each flower ) hand pulling causes soil disturbance can... High-Quality, neutral, sulphite semi-chemical pulp heartwood light brown to dark red, straight grained reasonably! Northern Australia, Papua New Guinea interestingly this acacia too has bipinnate leaves but they are straight! An aggressive invasive species & Ecosystem Health, University of South America, for the production of unbleached kraft and... Wood for making paper, furniture and tools UK ) 10 and is commonly known in as! Only in sapling stage months old composting or can be used in composting or can used. Family Fabaceae native to Africa and the Middle East and has also become a landscape tree in other climates... Ear-Shaped seed pods initially straight but on maturity become twisted with irregular.... Of branches, c. 1.2-5 cm broad, with compact spread and is commonly known as fever! Participatory plantations were … Glabrous tree to 15m ( 50 ft ) and it flowers from July September...

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