A 2007 assessment by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) predicts that orangutans will be virtually eliminated in the wild within two decades if current deforestation … Unfortunately, as human needs are growing, so is the deforestation. Devastating Effects of Deforestation The act of deforestation has impacted on the world in terms of depreciating the natural environment and wildlife. Ending the deforestation requires a strong political will from the leaders of all countries. Deforestation has a devastating effect on the environment. Around 70 per cent of the Earth’s wildlife resides in the forests, and loss of their surrounds result in their disappearance. This subsistence farming is the leading cause of deforestation, worldwide . Deforestation in India and other parts of the world occurs for various reasons, such as logging, agriculture, urbanisation and industrial developmental purposes, etc. It covers around 6% to 7% of the planet. Deforestation is ecologically devastating. The loss of Biodiversity. Due to industrialisation and construction projects, a large section of forests gets cleared every year. Countries like The United States, Australia, Nigeria, India, The Philippines, Indonesia, Brazil, etc. If greenhouse gases are in large enough quantity, they can force climate change, according to Daley. Global warming is increasing day by day, and it is affecting the Earth terribly. It is the act of cutting trees and removing forests to use for other purposes, like agricultural expansion, housing or even illegal logging. Trees are important components of the ecosystem by absorbing carbon. First, it contributes to climate change. Plants are an essential constituent of the ecosystem as they absorb carbon, reduce soil erosion, increase oxygen levels of the planet, etc. Therefore, carbon dioxide in the air is essential for plants. At MoreApp, we want to encourage companies to use digital forms in order to reduce paper consumption. The industrially-developed countries have the consumption pattern of timber 12 times more than non-industrial nations. As you know, trees play a vital role in the generation of oxygen in the environment by absorbing carbon dioxide (CO2). With forest loss, the localcommunity loses the system that performed valuable but often under-appreciated services like ensuring the regular flow of cleanwater and protecting the community from flood and drought. Since carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas, deforestation is a direct contributor to the greenhouse effect and (consequently) global warming. Studies have shown that deforestation has contributed to the amount of water vapor in the air and, over just a few years, the amount of water vapor present has increased by four percent. The rate of deforestation equals to a loss of. 2. Who are Mostly Affected by Deforestation? Deforestation occurs primarily because of lack of awareness. Loss Of Habitat And Biodiversity . Read below about some of the effects of deforestation. Greatly accelerated by human activities since 1960, deforestation has been negatively affecting natural ecosystems, biodiversity, and the climate. Fortunately, there are environmentally friendly companies that are helping to reduce deforestation. The most affected regions Some of the most affected regions of the world are the Amazon Rainforest, Sumatran Jungles, and forests of British Columbia. Read More, https://www.conserve-energy-future.com/various-deforestation-facts.php, https://www.greenpeace.org.uk/9-awesome-facts-about-forests-20140321/, https://wwf.panda.org/our_work/forests/importance_forests/. This regul… Recycling of paper reduces the rate of removal of trees and promotes greenery on Earth. Forest loss and damage is the cause of around 10% of global warming. One and a half acres of forest is cut down every second. The more companies digitise their processes, the more trees we will save! Forests serve as a carbon sink by absorbing atmospheric carbon dioxide during photosynthesis. It hampers the balance of the environment resulting in global warming. Like any business, if there is no demand, the supply will reduce. Globally, forests are already suffering from damage due to massive consumption of firewood. If forests are cleared, or even disturbed, they release carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. You can start using our digital forms without any investment! Moreover, if we control deforestation, there will be a reduction in pollution and control of the toxic greenhouse gas emissions. Depletion of the tropical rain forests will have a profound effect on the environment. Why do Humans Indulge in Deforestation Activities? Trees and forest balance the amount of Carbon in the atmosphere through the process of photosynthesis in which plants make their own food with carbon dioxide. Deforestation is responsible for 15% of all greenhouse gas emissions. There is mostly no human intervention in this process of deforestation. 4. Due to such activities, not only animal life loses their habitat, but there is also a potential threat to the indigenous people who depend on these forests. What is the Primary Difference Between Afforestation and Deforestation? Deforestation is such a hard problem to solve because it does hurt the environment and the economy, but at the same time it helps the economy in a lot of ways. Everything you need to get high search engine rankings. According to Michael Daley, an associate professor of environmental science at Lasell College in Newton, Massachusetts, the No. The Negative Impact of Deforestation. For example – Extraction of timber, industrial development purposes, agriculture, etc. My research at CIFOR focused mainly on how more general social, economic, and political changes affected tropical deforestation. This is why there are many alternatives to deforestation that try and limit the loss of biodiversity and tourism, but also try to get enough resources from forests to keep a stable economy. Promote awareness regarding the harmful effects of deforestation can help in reducing it. Every year, 18.7 million acres of forests are cut down from the Earth. We plant trees for every subscriber! More than around 1.6 billion population of the world relies on the products from forests to run their livelihood. Decomposing of wood or forest-floor biomass by microorganisms also releases CO2, although at a … In areas lacking greenery, there is less rainfall and an increase in soil erosion. Vedantu academic counsellor will be calling you shortly for your Online Counselling session. However, deforestation also affects the amount of this in the air. Deforestation is a leading cause of climate change, perpetuates species extinction, increases greenhouse gas emissions, and decreases soil quality. Here are some of them. Gas molecules that absorb thermal infrared radiation are called greenhouse gases. Another major reason for deforestation is the construction of various projects, dams, roads, and other industrial excavations. Deforestation in India and other areas may occur where there is a massive presence of plant life. Instead of using plastics, using of jute bags is a viable eco-friendly option. One can also help in curbing the deforestation by helping others to restore a degraded forest. It is because less water returns to the soil, causing dryness, and retarded plant growth. Loss of trees results in the extinction of wildlife. The Environmental Effects of Deforestation We’ve already mentioned some of the worst environmental effects of deforestation, including disrupted water cycles, the release of carbon gases, and destroyed wildlife habitat. Therefore, deforestation in India and other portions of the Earth results in drastic temperature change. Urbanisation is another cause why deforestation occurs at an alarming rate. Deforestation in Brazil severely affected the water and carbon cycle as well. It also results in the loss of their habitat. Further, if you have any queries, download our Vedantu app to easily access detailed study materials and online sessions. It is what the difference between afforestation and deforestation primarily implies. However, the causes of deforestation can be both direct and indirect. Pro Lite, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. Among the other effects of deforestation, soil erosion is the most common one. One and a half acres of forest is cut down every second. MoreApp users together save more than 500 trees per year. Sorry!, This page is not available for now to bookmark. … Forests provide watershed protection, prevent soil erosion and mitigate climate change. Nearly, half of the world’s greenery lying in the tropical forests has already got removed. Reduction in the removal rate of trees can promote the balance on Earth. Increased Carbon Dioxide Levels in the Atmosphere. These include: Direct causes comprise of natural disasters, such as hurricanes, cyclones, parasite attacks, or floods, etc. Trees produce oxygen which helps balance out the climate. Loss of natural habitats. The indigenous people residing in such forest lands, depend on these resources to run their livelihood. MoreApps offices are currently present in several countries. If you have any questions regarding how does deforestation affect the environment? Without forest life, the erosion of soil becomes evident, and it further hampers the water cycle causing unexpected climatic imbalances. 1. It hampers the balance of the environment resulting in global warming. Deforestation has many negative effects on the environment, we tried to narrow them down: The number of newly planted trees increases every year, but the total still equals a tiny part of what the planet really needs. Indirect causes consist of steady human interference resulting in the depletion of green components (plants and trees) from the Earth. Deforestation And Its Effects On The Environment With the increase in human population, there have been ever-rising demands for converting forests into residential and agriculture areas. How Deforestation affects the environment: New analysis says forests are also shrinking on state and private land in Western Oregon, where an estimated 522,000 acres of forest cover have disappeared since 2000. You may know forests are home to many dwellers along with plants and animals. Most of the world’s population depend on wood for cooking and heating their houses. The rate of deforestation equals to a loss of 20 football fields every minute. Read below about some of the effects of deforestation. However, your power as a consumer is vital to stop deforestation! Some consequences are animal endangerment and extinction, soil erosion and disruptions in the Earth’s carbon and climate cycles. Besides increasing the temperature of the Earth’s surface and atmosphere, this also has knock-on effects for weather patterns. Why not you? Looking for deforestation solutions enables you to restore life on a planet. How Does Deforestation Affect the Environment? In simple words, afforestation means planting of trees for a universal benefit, whereas deforestation refers to the process of removal of greenery from the environment. At a time when we need forest to cover the most to cool our streams and rivers and provide safe passage for migrating salmon. Tropical forests, where deforestation is most prevalent, hold more than 210 gigatonnes of The Amazon forests contribute to around 20% of the world’s oxygen. Besides, they absorb a large amount of carbon dioxide (a potent greenhouse gas) and maintain steady life-cycle. Similarly, you should also spread awareness to discourage deforestation. Around two million trees are cut down in a day to manufacture papers. Removal or depletion of trees results in climatic changes, the disappearance of wildlife, soil erosion and greenhouse gases emissions, etc. Apart from being responsible for allowing … Ans. It has also impacted on humans on the account of changes in environmental support processes such as weather conditions. This prevents the heat from escaping, causing warmer temperatures. Read the points below. Numerous natural remedies lie in the rainforests that have medicinal properties, which are cut down every year. Other reasons for deforestation in India and other areas are as follows: Extraction of woods for cooking meals and heating the houses results in deforestation. Read the points below. 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