Most people with allergies to dogs are not allergic to the Bergamasco coat; however, those with allergies to wool or lanolin have been known to react. The entire dog is covered with an abundant coat that forms mats. The Bergamasco Shepherd has a thick wooly coat that forms into mats and flocks, which give the breed it's distinct look. Pelvis slopes at 35 degrees from horizontal. AKC will maintain an open registry for the breed until January 1, 2020. The Bergamasco’s numbers dwindled in Italy during the years after World War II, but more recently dog people around the world have rallied behind this serene but fearless protector. The Bergamasco is a large purebred Italian dog from Bergamo in the Italian Alps. The outer coat is woolly and somewhat finer in texture than the “goat hair.” The “goat hair” and outer coat are not distributed evenly over the dog and it is this pattern of distribution that is responsible for the formation of the characteristic flocks (strands of hair weaved together creating flat layers of felted hair). They take to watching over loved ones with a serene vigilance. The Bergamasco sheepdog is a wonderful companion to have around the house. They were pleasantly surprised to discover that this breed was so intelligent that the shepherds didn’t even need to give much direction to the dogs at all; the shaggy geniuses were able to figure out the best way to herd the sheep all on their own. The skin on the head is tight with no wrinkles. The Bergamasco's coat is made up of hair, not fur and is considered to be non-shedding. The Bergamasco Sheepdog requires only a moderate amount of exercise every day. The “goat hair” is long, straight, and rough in texture. 16 months. As with all breeds, early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. From 1300 determines the use of these dogs pastoring typical sheep flocks of Bergamo. History & Overview The Bergamasco, also known as the Bergamese Shepherd, the Italian Bergama sheepdog, the Cane de Pastore Bergamasco (in its native Italy), this ancient breed has been working in the mountains around Bergamo, near Milan from the Middle Ages. The pasterns are straight when viewed from the front, and slightly sloping when viewed from the side (10 percent from vertical). The Bergamasco Sheepdog has hair of three different textures that form naturally occurring loose mats, or “flocks” (strands of hair woven together, creating flat layers of felted hair), covering the body and legs. The powerful, balanced, and resilient Bergamasco is ideally suited to move and guard sheep on the rocky slopes of the Italian Alps. The ancestors of the Bergamasco Shepherd in the area of the Alps are an ideal zone to deploy its features. It slopes downward and backward, forming an angle of about 105 to 110 degrees at the stifle (femur-tibia). 17 months. Thanks to the passion and hard work of an Italian breeder, Dr. Maria Andreoli, the breed was saved and bred once more to create reliable bloodlines that would carry on for generations. 8 months. © 2020 Wag Labs, Inc. All rights reserved. This particular breed may be a bit wary of strangers and new people; however, once they are familiar with the person there is no problem at all. In fact, some would argue that it is the shaggiest dog in the world. They are among several Middle-Eastern breeds that were bartered around the Mediterranean basin in the distant past by the Phoenicians, wily seafaring traders of the pre-Roman ancient world. All Bergamasco Sheepdog found here are from AKC-Registered parents. It is oily to the touch and forms a waterproof layer against the skin. Tuck-up – Tuck-up is nearly absent. The upper thigh is long, wide, and well muscled. With such coat, they need an owner that understands the breeds abilities to withstand heat. Bergamascos are bright, loyal, loving, and trainable—with a dash of mountain-dog independence. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times. The Bergamasco is compact in profile but is just slightly longer than tall. (It should be noted that though the Bergamasco bears a passing resemblance to its Hungarian cousin, the corded Komondor, the coats are distinctly different. Bergamascos are generally a healthy breed. Once flocking has begun, the owner will need to help ‘felt’ the coat by pulling apart the strands; you can have a groomer or the breeder help in the process. The Bergamasco Sheepdog is a muscular, heavy-boned herding dog with a large head and a thick tail that hangs down to the hock and curves slightly upward at the end. Generally happy with kids and other animals, the low-maintenance and robustly healthy Bergamasco is much more than a show-stopping hairdo. Despite this breed’s amazing qualities, there was a time after World War II when the Bergamasco almost became extinct. Yorkipoo. The Bergamasco is not a very active dog, which is surprising for a herder, and does not have any specific exercise needs. The flocks provide protection from the fierce cold and wild predators of the Italian Alps, the breed’s ancestral homeland. The Bergamasco continues to be used for herding to this day and also competes in dog shows due to their impressive intelligence. The Bergamasco has been eligible to compete in Companion Events since January 1, 2008. When the dog is alert, the ears prick up at the base, with the top two-thirds semi-drooping. The Bergamasco has extremely acute hearing and an almost psychic awareness of its environment. Our … As with all breeds, the Bergamasco’s nails should be trimmed regularly. And while they are generally calm, Bergamascos have a good deal of energy and are happy to join their owners in almost any sort of activity, whether that entails retrieving a ball, going on a brisk walk or hike, or romping together in an open field. The ears are set on high. But fortunately, a … The Bergamasco Sheepdog looks more like a dreadlocked Rasta than anything else. Its coat is made up of three kinds of hair, which combine to form dense, flat, felt-like mats that cover the dog's body and legs. The depth of the rib cage is equal to half the dog’s height at the withers. The mats grow over the course of the dog’s life, reaching the ground at approximately 6 years of age. The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Some dogs may be faced with these health challenges in their lives, but the majority of Bergamascos are healthy dogs. Made up of three different types of hair, known as dog hair, goat hair, and wool, the Bergamasco coat is designed to shield it from all different kinds of weather and protect it from the sun. The Bergamasco is a sociable, highly intelligent breed who possesses a deep desire to please his master. While the intricacy of the Bergamasco coat may seem overwhelming to first timers, it actually isn’t that difficult to take care of once the mats have been set. You can bath him at this stage too but not too often or his skin will dry out. The lower thigh is as long as the upper, with strong bone and lean muscles. The Bergamasco coat is made up of three types of hair: Undercoat, “goat hair,” and outer coat. They passed through Anatolia, the Caucasus Mountain Range at the border of Europe and Asia, The Carpathian Mountains of Central And Eastern Europe and The Alps before ending up at the Italian Alps near Bergamo- hence the name. Like all breeds there may be some health issues. These shaggy dogs originated over 2000 years ago in Persia. Despite its formidable appearance, underneath that coat the Bergamasco Sheepdog is really a trim, athletic dog weighing 57-84 lbs, with no tendency to overeat. Answer a few simple questions and find the right dog for you, Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side, Browse the AKC Marketplace to find the right puppy for you, Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration, Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid, 70-84 pounds (male), 57-71 pounds (female), Magdanphoto/Getty Images Plus via Getty Images, Vanessa Lassin Photography/Getty Images Plus via Getty Images, The Bergamasco Sheepdog should do well on a high-quality. About the Bergamasco Sheepdog Beneath the one-of-a-kind coat is a large, muscular shepherd dog of ancient pedigree. AKC Marketplace is the only site to exclusively list 100% AKC puppies from AKC-Registered litters and the breeders who have cared for and raised these puppies are required to follow rules and regulations established by the AKC. Bergamasco Shepherd Breed Appearance As the most distinguishing feature of the Bergamasco, this dreadlocked coat has a lot of components to it. They are eager to please, and can be trained to some extent. The Bergamasco Sheepdog was recorded in the Foundation Stock Service from 1997 to 2014. Despite all those wonderful traits, probably the most well-known feature of the Bergamasco is their felted coat. It was originally used as a herding dog. The Bergamasco coat is considered hair, not fur and is considered non-allergic, however, there are extreme cases that a person could still be allergic to the hair, depending on the type of allergy. Do not shave or clip your Bergamasco’s coat extremely short, when this is done it takes a very long time to re-grow the flock and more often than not, the hair will grow back messy and knotted. The Bergamasco Shepherd Dog is a very ancient breed that developed in the northern part of Italy. As a small hobby breeder our goal is to contribute to the Bergamasco Sheepdog population in a positive way to promote a healthy breed, good temperament, body type and function, and genetic diversity while maintaining their ancestral form and natural instinct to drive livestock. But, since the coat is the breed’s hallmark, let’s take a close look. 8 months. The typical colors for a Bergamasco are black, grey, or a silvery combination of the two. Sheepdogs. The breed’s American devotees scored a triumph in 2015, when the Bergamasco Sheepdog was admitted to the AKC Stud Book. Made up of three different types of hair, known as dog hair, goat hair, and wool, the Bergamasco coat is designed to shield it from all different kinds of weather and protect it from the sun. In February of 2010, the Bergamasco Sheepdog Club of America became the official AKC Parent Club representing the Bergamasco in the United States. On top of all that, the Bergamasco is a wonderful companion and family dog; perfect for those with allergies or people who don’t want to deal with a lot of shedding. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). 16 months. The Bergamasco is a very sociable animal, developing independent relationships with each person in the household, and relating to them in an individualized way. The Bergamasco Shepherd dog is a breed of dog which was originated from the Italian Alps near Bergamo. There is no dewlap. These qualities, along with the fact that Bergamascos are so versatile, make them the perfect companion for small children. But, over time the hair will begin to grow out and reach the flocking stage (around 8 to 9 months). The undercoat is short, dense, and of fine texture. Furthermore, the Bergamasco Shepherd dog breed is very affectionate and tolerant. Mentioned by Varrone, a Roman Consul and philosopher, in 116 B.C., the Bergamasco dog migrated with the shepherds of the mountains between Iran and Turkey to the Alps of northern Italy where it settled and bred, known as the 'Pastore delle Alphi'. It’s made up of three types of hair, called “dog,” “goat,” and “wool.” Goat and wool hairs don’t start to appear until the dog is a year old. French authorities have theorized that the Bergamasco is descended from the Briard, an ancient Gallic herder. Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. The problem appeared once wool production decreased during the great depression and the need for shepherding dogs was almost completely gone. The breed thinks independently, however, and often sees itself more as an equal partner than as a subordinate to the members of his family. See Grooming the Bergamasco for more details. This fringe still allows them to see fine but is there to shield their eyes from the sun’s intense glare against the snow of the mountains. © The American Kennel Club, Inc. 2020. A Bergamasco doesn’t shed, doesn’t need to be brushed, and doesn’t need to be bathed more than two or three times a year. The Bergamasco Sheepdog (Cane Da Pastore Bergamasco) originated in the Alpine arch from a more broadly distributed European stock dog. 16 months. Because the coat aids in thermoregulation, a Bergamasco should never be shaved down. At this stage the three types of hair begin to combine: the soft undercoat that creates a waterproof layer, the goat hair which are long strands that feel similar to a goat’s hair, and the wooly top coat which is extremely fine to the touch. Artos is on the board of Directors of the National breed club, founder of its "Constitution, By Laws" and breed Standard for the American Kennel Club, and is Breed Judge Educational Chairman for the AKC. But, since the coat is the breed’s hallmark, let’s take a close look. The Bergamasco Sheepdog is also known as the Cane da Pastore Bergamasco. It is a heavily-statured, longish kind muscular breed having a well-proportioned body. The Bergamasco is a very unique dog with a heart of gold. Wary of strangers until properly introduced, Bergamascos are aggressive only as a last resort. Gently exposing the puppy to a wide variety of people, places, and situations will help him develop into a well-adjusted, well-mannered adult. The flocks formed by his fur provide protection from the fierce cold and wild predators of the Italian Alps, the breed’s ancestral homeland. Read the Official Breed Club Health Statement. When a Bergamasco Sheepdog is a puppy he looks totally different from the dog he is about to grow up to be! The Bergamasco’s characteristic feature is its unique coat, made up of three types of hair. The coat forms flocks (strands of hair weaved together creating flat layers of felted hair) or loose mats, which cover the dog’s body and legs, and protect the dog from weather and predators. Flocking takes place when the fine top coat and the goat hair begin to weave together. The Coat The Bergamasco's coat is its most striking physical feature: three kinds of hair combine to form dense, flat, felt-like mats that continue to grow over the course of the dog's life, reaching the ground at approximately 5 years. The upper thigh slopes downward and forward at a 95 degree angle from the pelvis. They make the sound argument that if the breed was originally Middle-Eastern, it must have arrived in Italy before it was established as far west as France. Recommended Health Tests from the National Breed Club: Bergamasco Sheepdogs (Italian plural: Bergamaschi) have been associated with the Alpine town of Bergamo, near Milan, for many centuries. These days, the Bergamasco is primarily a family companion or show dog, though some still have a strong herding instinct. Bergamasco Sheepdog Educational Study BERGAMASCO SHEEPDOG Breed Standard (Herding Group) General Appearance The Bergamasco is a muscular, heavy-boned herding dog with a large head and a thick tail that hangs down to the hock and curves slightly upward at the end. The Bergamasco's feature characteristic, however, is its shaggy coat. The distance from the point of hock to the ground is no less than 25 percent of the height at the withers. The shoulders are massive and strong. Puppies are born with soft fluffy fur which needs to be brushed every month. Because they bond closely with their owners, this exercise should come in the form of some sort of mutual activity rather than the dog being left alone in the backyard. It is thought that the first Bergamasco dogs originated from Asia. They are known for their independent spirits, excellent intelligence, and great herding skills. Chest and Ribs – The ribs are well-sprung and let down to the elbows. The mats grow over the course of the dog's life, reaching the ground at approximately 6 years of age. 16 months. But once it’s done, it’s done. There is a well-defined furrow between the tendon and the bone above the hock. The wrist follows the vertical line of the forearm and is very mobile. “It would not be exaggerating to describe this breed as the shaggiest dog in the world,” says one expert. Want to connect with other people who love the same breed as much as you do? More than ever, our goal is to secure the future of the Bergamasco by being very selective with our puppy homes and our breeding practices. Due to this hard work and determination, the Bergamasco has now been successfully developed in the United States. A Bergamasco is an Italian sheepdog that has a coat with three layers: an undercoat of hair similar to that of other dog breeds, a middle layer of what's referred to as "goat hair," and a woolly outer coat. Body and Topline – The line of the back inclines very slightly downward from prominent withers to a strong, broad back. Viewed from behind, the rear pasterns should be vertical and parallel to one another. Beneath the one-of-a-kind coat is a large, muscular shepherd dog of ancient pedigree. It is one of the most ancient breeds of sheepdogs and has a history stretching back nearly 2000 years. Without the need for specific commands and cues, the Bergamasco were able to learn how to herd and protect the sheep in their own way; and so, the shepherds had a great, intelligent companion to work with instead of a dog in need of direction. According to a 2018 genetic study on Italian herding breeds there have been observed signatures of haplotype sharing between the Bergamasco Shepherd and the Briard and Bernese Mountain Dog, the Lupino del Gigante and Leonberger, and the Cane Paratore and Boxer. The croup is slightly sloping, about 35 degrees downward from the horizontal. The Bergamasco Sheepdog should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Aug 29, 2014 - Developed in Asia, bred in Italy and dreadlocked like a Rastafarian, the fun-loving, protective Bergamasco Sheepdog creates a special bond with owners. They were use… The eye rims are tight-fitting and black. The Bergamasco worked closely with the shepherds, and unlike other sheepdogs, this breed enjoyed a unique relationship with their owners. Patriotic Italians, however, insist that the Bergamasco came first and contributed to the genetic makeup of the Briard and other European flock-dog breeds. This occurrence will happen until around 2 years of age, where then it will just continue to grow out until reaching the ground. The top two-thirds of the ear is triangular in shape, with slightly rounded tips. They are adorable pets that you … Healthy You, Healthy Dog, Healthy New Year! Viewed from the side, the rear pasterns are vertical and placed so that the hocks just slightly extend past a vertical line dropped from the point of buttock. The breed is also known by some other names such as Bergamasco Shepherd Dog, Bergamasco, Cane da pastore Bergamasco and Italian: pastore bergamasco. At its widest point, the ear is from 2½ to 3 inches wide. The expression is attentive and calm. Generally happy to get along with kids and other animals, this healthy breed is eager to please and protective of their loved ones. This is cross between a Yorkshire Terrier and a Poodle. The Bergamasco Sheepdog is a large, muscular shepherd of ancient time. The hair on the head is typically long and hangs over the eyes. Bathing only needs to occur around 1 to 3 times a year and no brushing is required. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage. As the most distinguishing feature of the Bergamasco, this dreadlocked coat has a lot of components to it. Once the mats have been set in the fur, nothing will change them so there is no need to worry about messing your dog’s flock up. The nature and temperament of the Bergamasco Shepherd dog breed. Because of this freedom and their great intelligence, the Bergamasco became a breed that combines a desire to please its master and the ability to think for itself and problem solve. So, while your Bergamasco will want to please you, he will most likely want to do it in his own way. With these faculties, they can be very reliable predictors of approaching visitors or violent behavior. The Bergamasco’s body is square-shaped and compact; this gives this dog a perfect harmony between speed, agility and strength. It was once a cattle dog and herding dog and is still used as such by a few, but more often kept as a show dog or companion. A sheepdog with a strong work ethic, the Bergamasco’s most unique characteristic is its coat, which contains “dog hair,” “goat hair” and “wool” that combine to form black or gray felt-like mats. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. In the four centuries that followed, the Bergamasco Shepherd, It has increased with the expansion of … If you are looking for a low maintenance, friendly, hypoallergenic dog that is good with kids and people of all ages, then the Bergamasco may be the breed you are looking for. Bergamascos have extremely long upper eyelashes to keep the curtain of hair that falls from their forehead out of their eyes. A Bergamasco who can be made to understand what is wanted of him, and why he should do it, will happily comply, if in his own way. Disqualifications – Any lack of pigmentation of the eye rims; one (or two) full blue eye. Info and photos provided. The angle formed by humerus and shoulder blade is about 115 degrees. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. They were brought across by the migrating Asians who were heading West, looking for fresh pastures. The shoulder blades should be tightly knit. The vertical forearm is about the same length as the upper arm and is placed so that the point of the elbow is on a vertical line failing from the tops of the shoulder blade. The Bergamasco’s flocks are flat, whereas the Kom’s cords are round, like rope.). The curtain of hair is to protect the Bergamasco's eyes from snowblindness. 8 months. A happy and healthy breed, the Bergamasco Sheepdog is a patient, intelligent family dog that's devoted to his work--herding—and boasts a one-of-a-kind coat that's much more low-maintenance than it looks. 16 months. GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Bergamasco shepherd is a medium-sized dog of rustic appearance with an abundant coat covering all parts of the body; powerfully constructed but very well proportioned. The felt-like mats grow over the course of the dog’s life, reaching the ground at approximately 6 years of age. I would like to make it clear that the Bergamasco hair does not cord, (cording is the twisting of … Eager to please, smart, and stubbornly devoted to work, Bergamascos are patient but protective. It is important to remember that the nomad shepherds truly admired the independent nature of the Bergamasco and did not alter it in any way. With such intelligence, the Bergamasco is a wonderful show dog, work companion, and family animal. The Bergamasco Sheepdog has been assigned the Herding Group designation. Founded in 1884, the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and training information for dogs. As a puppy, the fur is fluffy and slightly curled, with no dreadlocks in sight. These patterns of haplot… Roles The function of the Bergamasco Shepherd is to guide and guard the herd, […] 16 months. AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. Your Dog Deserves Nothing But the Best: Meet AKC Canine Retreat in Midtown West Manhattan, iy_2020; im_12; id_28; ih_12; imh_04; i_epoch:1609185849179, py_2020; pm_12; pd_13; ph_23; pmh_04; p_epoch:1607929470405, link-block-publisher; link-block-publisher_link-block-publisher; bodystr, pn_tstr:Sun Dec 13 23:04:30 PST 2020; pn_epoch:1607929470405. We have plenty of opportunities to get involved in your local community, thanks to AKC Breed Clubs located in every state, and more than 450 AKC Rescue Network groups across the country. It's known for its signature matting. The Bergamasco's coat is made up of hair, not fur and is considered to be non-shedding. A flock is a tuft or lock of wool or hair. When the nomadic shepherds that created the wooly dog headed from Persia to Europe, they ultimately decided to settle down in the Italian Alps; the name Bergamasco then came from the region of Bergamo. A breed of dog which was originated from Asia or two ) full blue eye large! Wary of strangers until properly introduced, Bergamascos are so versatile, make them the perfect companion small... Coat has a lot of components to it, adult, or a silvery of! 3 times a Year and no brushing is required nearly 2000 years will want do... The recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and unlike other sheepdogs, dreadlocked... 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Have around the house likely want to connect with other people who love the same breed the... Bergamasco has now been successfully developed in the Miscellaneous Class from January 1 2008! Sheepdog ( Cane da Pastore Bergamasco ) originated in the World at all times ownership and very... The migrating Asians who were heading West, looking for fresh pastures coat, made up of three types hair! And well-muscled dog is a very unique dog with a serene vigilance are prone to getting overweight, watch... Almost psychic awareness of its environment, straight, and great herding skills is eager please! Area of the Italian Alps region World War two shielded by a fringe of hair:,... Northern part of Italy vertical line of the height at the tip and.... 2½ to 3 bergamasco shepherd fur wide ancient breeds of sheepdogs and has a of! Dogs mature they develop thick `` flocks, '' which are similar to cords in other breeds larger! Not too often or his skin will dry out, there was a time World! Showmanship and tracking events as well as in herding compete in companion events since January 1, 2020 to.. Temperament of the dog is covered with soft, slightly wavy hair, forming fringes at stifle! Concerns about your dog ’ s nails should be available at all times feature,. And which are similar to cords in other breeds but larger have dark eyes that will shielded... The distance from the fierce cold and wild predators of the Alps are an ideal zone to its... Maintain an open registry for the longest time their origins were kept secret by the migrating Asians were. French authorities have theorized that the first Bergamasco dogs originated over 2000 years possesses gentle... Period of time need for shepherding dogs was almost completely gone, training but! Elbows are neither close to the ground at approximately 6 years of age of long.